F-10 Victorian Curriculum

The Victorian Curriculum F–10 sets out what every student should learn during their first eleven years of schooling. The curriculum is the common set of knowledge and skills required by students for life-long learning, social development and active and informed citizenship.  The Victorian Curriculum F–10 incorporates the Australian Curriculum and reflects Victorian priorities and standards.


The study of English is central to the learning and development of all young Australians. It helps create confident communicators, imaginative thinkers and informed citizens. It is through the study of English that individuals learn to analyse, understand, communicate and build relationships with others and with the world around them. The study of English helps young people develop the knowledge and skills needed for education, training and the workplace. It helps them become ethical, thoughtful, informed and active members of society and plays an important part in developing the understanding, attitudes and capabilities of those who will take responsibility for Australia’s future. At Cranbourne South Primary School we use literacy frameworks that have been researched and credited for improving student learning outcomes in English.

The CAFÉ (Comprehension Accuracy, Fluency, Extended vocabulary) framework is used to identify individual reading strategy goals for students and alongside teacher modelling of reading and teacher conferencing with individual students, higher reading levels are achieved. These reading levels are assessed, using Fountas and Pinell’s benchmark assessment program. Many of the school’s take home books and library books are levelled in accordance with Fountas and Pinell, assisting students to choose and enjoy reading Good Fit books, those that will ensure their interest and comprehension.

The Andrell VCOP framework (Vocabulary, Connectives, Openers, Punctuation) is used to inform teaching and learning of writing. Alongside lessons involving the VCOP concepts, fortnightly Big Writes occur, when all students at all levels, engage in sustained writing to produce an independent piece of work, which is then critiqued and congratulated by the author and peers. Reading and Writing is enjoyed, and skill improvement and achievements of personal English goals, are celebrated in every classroom at Cranbourne South.



Mathematics at Cranbourne South is designed to promote a love of Maths and to show students how Maths is used in everyday life. Our aim is to make students become problem solvers for life. To achieve this goal, Mathematics at CSPS centres around the 4 proficiencies: Understanding, Fluency, Problem Solving and Reasoning.

4 Maths Proficiencies
These 4 proficiencies, outlined in the Victorian Curriculum, are applied across all three Mathematics strands: Number & Algebra, Measurement & Geometry, and Statistics and Probability. We believe that by incorporating the 4 proficiencies into our Mathematics lessons, students gain a deeper understanding of mathematical concepts and can make connections between these concepts and everyday life.

At CSPS, Mathematics skills and concepts are developed through explicit teaching in both whole class and small focus groups. Students also practise and extend these skills through engagement in our whole-school approach to problem solving, ‘Collaborative Maths’.

Collaborative Maths, or “Maths Buddies” involves students working in pairs to solve worded Maths problems. Students are encouraged to apply strategies they have previously learnt to solve the problems. There is an emphasis placed on the students collaborating with their peers in order to reason through the problem. The purpose of these lessons is to develop students’ persistence when working through problems and to increase students’ ability to explain their Mathematical thinking.


Guided Inquiry; MAPPEN


To further the educational experiences of your child, CSPS is committed to a guided inquiry approach.  This entails teaching units of work through the implementation of MAPPEN.  MAPPEN is a world class curriculum designed by Australian educators for Australian schools and has a strong focus on building your child’s capacity to develop questions and to plan and conduct their own inquiry.The MAPPEN curriculum represents approximately three hours of teaching time each week. Literacy , numeracy and technology skills are integrated into the learning whilst content is covered from various areas of the curriculum including, History, Geography, Civics and Citizenship, Economics and Business, Science, Critical and Creative Thinking, Ethical Understanding, Personal, Social and Intercultural  Capabilities.  Over a two year period, your child will investigate eight different concepts, focusing on one Guided Inquiry unit a term.

Please peruse the MAPPEN display board in the school foyer for further details of what your child will be exploring through their Guided Inquiry unit this term.  Parents are encouraged to use MAPPEN units as topics for shared conversations with their children; precipitating meaningful questions and discussions about their world.

If you would like to find out more about MAPPEN you can visit

Cooperative Learning

Kagan Cooperative Learning Structures for Active Engagement

School systems all over the world are seeking to improve their schools. Interestingly, research shows that it’s not new buildings or computers that make the difference – it’s the quality of the teaching! This is why our school and many others, has embarked on a school improvement model based on how teachers teach.

Teachers use a variety of teaching methods. However, we know that some methods are more effective than others in helping young people learn. Cooperative learning (CL) structures for example, are some of the most effective means of simultaneously improving the academic achievement and social development of all children.

Cooperative learning is one of the most extensively researched educational innovations of all time. There are approximately one thousand research studies which document its effectiveness and show that Cooperative Learning produces gains across all content areas, all grade levels, and amongst all types of students including special needs, high achieving, gifted, urban, rural, and all ethnic and racial groups.

Cranbourne South Primary School is committed to implementing a teaching and learning philosophy that:

  • Increases academic achievement among students, especially for low achieving students.
  • Strengthens relationships amongst students, including frequency of cross-race friendship choices.
  • Develops social skills and relations, including empathy, diversity skills, leadership skills, caring, sharing, helping, and feeling cared about.
  • Fosters healthy self-esteem among students, including intellectual/academic self-esteem, and peer self-esteem.
  • Nurtures a class climate, including liking for class, content, and teachers.
  • Encourages higher-level thinking, including questioning and synthesising diverse viewpoints and data.

Languages; Cultural Fusion

In our 2018 Cultural Fusion program at Cranbourne South Primary School, we are introducing the CLIL approach (Content and Language Integrated Learning) and STEM education (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics).

CLIL is a wonderful and engaging learning approach where students learn a subject (STEM) in a language that is not their own (Spanish).

STEM is an inquiry-based and real world problem-based education where students learn Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics in an integrated manner. This subject promotes the development of students’ collaborative, creative and innovative thinking with hands on, open-ended activities.

Our Spanish program strengthens student’s understanding of the nature of language, culture and communication processes. Through multiple activities, experiences and the use of technology, we also aim to develop our students’ intercultural knowledge, skills and understandings to help them become responsible local and global citizens, equipped for living and working together in an interconnected world. They learn to value their own culture, language and beliefs, and those of others, recognising commonalities and differences, as well as creating connections with others and cultivating mutual respect.


Physical Education; Physical Vibe

Health and Physical Education focuses on students enhancing their own and others’ health, safety, wellbeing and physical activity participation in varied and changing contexts. Research in fields such as sociology, physiology, nutrition, biomechanics and psychology informs what we understand about healthy, safe and active choices. Health and Physical Education offers students an experiential curriculum that is contemporary, relevant, challenging, enjoyable and physically active.

In Health and Physical Education, students develop the knowledge, understanding and skills to strengthen their sense of self, and build and manage satisfying relationships. The curriculum helps them to be resilient, and to make decisions and take actions to promote their health, safety and physical activity participation. As students mature, they develop and use critical inquiry skills to research and analyse the knowledge of the field and to understand the influences on their own and others’ health, safety and wellbeing. They also learn to use resources for the benefit of themselves and for the communities with which they identify and to which they belong.

Integral to Health and Physical Education is the acquisition of movement skills, concepts and strategies to enable students to confidently, competently and creatively participate in a range of physical activities. As a foundation for lifelong physical activity participation and enhanced performance, students develop proficiency in movement skills, physical activities and movement concepts and acquire an understanding of the science behind how the body moves. In doing so, they develop an appreciation of the significance of physical activity, outdoor recreation and sport both in Australian society and globally.

Movement is a powerful medium for learning, through which students can acquire, practise and refine personal, behavioural, social and cognitive skills. The Health and Physical Education curriculum addresses how contextual factors influence the health, safety, wellbeing, and physical activity patterns of individuals, groups and communities. It provides opportunities for students to develop skills, self-efficacy and dispositions to advocate for, and positively influence, their own and others’ health and wellbeing.

Healthy, active living  includes promoting physical fitness, healthy body weight, psychological wellbeing, cognitive capabilities and learning. A healthy, active population improves productivity and personal satisfaction, promotes pro-social behaviour and reduces the occurrence of chronic disease. Health and Physical Education teaches students how to enhance their health, safety and wellbeing and contribute to building healthy, safe and active communities.

The Arts; Artistic Flair

Artistic Flair at CSPS  is about encompassing all of the arts into our lessons: Visual Art, Drama, Dance, Digital Art and Music. It is about providing a safe and encouraging environment where students can express themselves through The Arts. Students use their skills in the different Arts to ‘shine’ in each lesson.  Lessons can start with a drama improvisation lesson, singing, dance and end with a visual art or digital art discovery lesson. Lessons are based on student need and each class/student is different, so every lesson is a new adventure into discovering the arts.

In the junior years (Foundation – Year 2), we encourage hand-eye coordination through movement, painting, creating, playing and exploring. In the middle years (Years 3-4), we are encouraging exploration into finding their own creative flair and artistic language.  In the seniors (Years 5-6), we are expanding the student’s knowledge of the arts to engage and expose them to different art/performing art genres and provide a variety of creative outlets to explore.

At the end of lessons, once the room is tidy, students participate in reflection time where we gauge how the students enjoyed the lesson, what they learnt or explored and how they thought the class’s behaviour, passion, pride, persistence and positivity (score out of 5 for each).


Music; Ulearn Music

Group Lessons – $16.50 (30 mins)
Semi-Private Lessons – $24.00 (30 mins)
Private – $33 (30 mins)


In the Victorian Curriculum F–10, the Technologies includes Design and Technology and Digital Technologies.

The Technologies provide a framework for students to learn how to use technologies to create innovative solutions that meet current and future needs. Students are encouraged to make decisions about the development and use of technologies, considering the impacts of technological change and how technologies may contribute to a sustainable future. The curriculum provides practical opportunities for students to be users, designers and producers of new technologies.

In Design and Technologies, students use design thinking and technologies to generate and produce designed solutions. In Digital Technologies, students use computational thinking and information systems to analyse, design and develop digital solutions.


Student Well Being

School Wide Positive Behaviour Support (SWPBS)

What is SWPBS?

Behaviour Matrix

Restorative Practices

What is Restorative Practices?

How do we build and maintain healthy relationships in schools?

The most profound learning occurs when there is a healthy relationship between teacher and student. Restorative Practices assists teachers, students and parents to build, maintain and restore relationships. Restorative Practices will help build capacity to enable students to self regulate behaviour and contributes to the improvement of learning outcomes.

Cranbourne South Primary School prides itself in the relationships developed between students, teachers and families. Using the Restorative Practices approach, students gain more ownership of their behaviour, in relation to the person who caused the harm, the person harmed and the respective consequences and follow up agreed upon.

Restorative Chat
5 Steps
Embrace Positive Climate Embrace Rules

To find out more about Restorative Practices, including pictures that describe the powerful process in action, visit Transforming Conflict website.

Zones of Regulation

The Zones of Regulation framework provides strategies to teach students to become more aware of and independent in controlling their emotions and impulses, manage their sensory needs, and improve their ability to problem solve conflicts.The Zones of Regulation is an approach used to define emotions and feelings and teach self-regulation by categorising all the different ways we feel and states of alertness we experience into four concrete coloured zones. Strategies for moving out of or into each zone are also worked on. This program is being introduced in all classes at Cranbourne South Primary School.

The Red Zone is used to describe extremely heightened states of alertness and intense emotions.  A person may be elated or experiencing anger, rage, explosive behaviour, devastation, or terror when in the Red Zone.

The Yellow Zone is also used to describe a heightened state of alertness and elevated emotions, however one has more control when they are in the Yellow Zone.  A person may be experiencing stress, frustration, anxiety, excitement, silliness, the wiggles, or nervousness when in the Yellow Zone.

The Green Zone is used to describe a calm state of alertness. A person may be described as happy, focused, content, or ready to learn when in the Green Zone.  This is the zone where optimal learning occurs.

The Blue Zone is used to describe low states of alertness and down feelings such as when one feels sad, tired, sick, or bored.

This program was designed by Leah Kuypers, M. A. ED., OTR/L an occupational therapist and autism resource specialist. More information is available on the website

How you can help your child at home

At CSPS we conduct parent workshops in relation to how you can help your child at home. Some valuable tips and suggestions on how you can support our child in reading, spelling, mathematics and learning in general are as follows:

Okey Dokey – Stategies for managing non compliance at school and home Parent Workshop notes

General resources

How you can help your child at home workshop Websites

  • Big Picture – Education Australia:
  • Blabbersize:  Allows you to upload a photo, select is mouth and make it talk by adding an audio file.
  • Classmarker:  Online testing website, is a professional, easy to use, online quiz maker that marks your tests and quizzes for you. Create online quizzes free … 
  • Dabbleboard:  Online whiteboard that’s free, powerful and easy-to-use. Draw with flexible tools. Collaborate in real-time.
  • Dipity:  Create an interactive, visually engaging timeline in minutes. Use dynamic visualization tools to display photos, videos, news and blogs in chronological order.
  • Fold3:  The web’s premier collection of original military records.
  • Forvo:  Largest word pronunciation dictionary in the world, now with translations. All the words in all the languages pronounced by native speakers.
  • Gliffy:  Web-based diagram editor. Create and share flowcharts, network diagrams, floor plans, user interface designs and other drawings online.
  • Iconfinder:  Search through more than 150.000 free icons or browse them organized according to tags, designer or in an alphabetic list.
  • Penzu:  Free online diary and personal journal focused on privacy.
  • Photobucket:  Offers image hosting, free photo sharing and video sharing.
  • Remember the milk:  Popular to-do list that’s everywhere you are: from your phone, to the web, to your Google apps.
  • Sharendipity:  Fun and easy way to create social games or multimedia experiences, and share them with your friends.
  • Wallwisher:  Make Lists. Things to do? Shopping lists?
  • WeVideo:  Lets you tell your story with video. Our online video editing platform is affordable, simple to use, and uniquely collaborative.
  • Make      Beliefs Comix:  Educational comic s trip creator from author Bill      Zimmerman.    
  • Mindomo:       Create the best looking mind      map online and share it to others. Enjoy mind mapping by brainstorming      collaboratively on ideas and projects.
  • Poll      Everywhere:  Easiest      way to gather live responses in any venue: conferences, presentations,      classrooms, radio, tv, print — anywhere.    
  • Quizlet:       Make simple learning tools that      let you study anything, for free.    
  • Teaching      Channel:  For Common Core      resources, teacher videos, strategies and lesson plans, go to Teaching Channel    
  • Testmoz:       Test Generator.    
  • Tubechop:       Allows you to easily chop a funny or      interesting section from any YouTube video and share it.
  • Vimeo:       Home for high-quality videos and the      people who love them.    
  • Voicethread:       Conversations in the cloud. 

Worthwhile Websites to help with learning

Below are worthwhile websites you can use to further learning opportunities.



Learn English Kids:


Big Books:

Book Adventure:

Children’s Books online:

Early Years Book Club:

Mee Genius-

One more story (authors you know, books you love):

Read Classroom ideas:

Reading Rockets (teaching kids to read and helping those who struggle)

Readers Theatre:

Zoom Playhouse (Readers theatre):


ABC Reading eggs:


Find the largest word:

Free Rice:

Kids Magnetic Poetry:

Letter Dice:

Moving Words:

Oz Speller: 

Spelling City: 

Spin and Spell:


Ultimate Guide to Spelling resources:

Word Dynamo:

Word Games:

Word Hippo:


Visual Thesaurus:



Comics in the classroom:

Daily Writing tips:

Online Reading and Writing Community:

Poetry Archive-


Story Starter:

Writing Fix Ups:

Write Source:

Science / Geography / History


Build your wild self:


Oddizzi – where the world comes to lif:

Scale of the Universe – incredible website!

Science buddies:

See Share Shape:


Concept Cartoons (Science, Maths and English):

International Almanac:

Monster Sciences:


Activate your mind:


Create a Quiz:

Eduplace-Graphic Organisers:

Holt Graphic Organisers:

Learning Games for Kids:

Teachers First (Thinking Teachers Teaching      Thinkers):

Text to Mind Map:

Think Infinity:

Triptico (Interactive Resources for Imaginative Teachers):

General: Teaching Sites

GENERAL:  Teaching Sites

Busy Teacher:

Class tools: 

Game Goo (Learning that sticks):

Great Ideas for Teachers:

Homework Helpers:

Ideas for Teachers:

I know that!:

Monthly thematic ideas:

Primary Interactive:

Super Teacher Idea:

Teaching Channel – Great Teaching Inspiring Classrooms:

Teachers First – Thinking Teachers Teaching Thinkers:

Teacher Hub:

Teachers pet:

Teach This – High quality printable teaching resources, lessons, games and activities to download

Teaching Treasure:

The Kidz Page:

The Teachers Corner:

Year 7-12 Interactives:

Teaching Resources

ACTF (Australian Children Television Foundation):

Australia Post:

Australian Teacher:

Birmingham Grid for learning:,index&s=15

Class Dojo:

Eclassroom: /

Edna (Australia’s free online network for educators):

Emerald – research you can use:

ESL Cafe:

For teachers For students:


Global Classroom (interactive resources):

Global Education:


Hunted Web: Maintaining Links between home and schoo:

Interactive Whiteboard:

Khan Academy (130,516,559 lessons delivered):

National Library of Australia:

National Library for Visual Manipulatives:

Need good ideas?:

Stix Picks for the Interactive Classroom

Survey Monkey:

TED (ideas worth spreading(:


Trove Search Engine:


Web List (create your own weblist):